Baepler, Paul.  White Slaves, African Masters: An Anthology of American Barbary Captivity Narratives.  Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1999

Clissold, Stephen. The Barbary States. Totowa: Rowman and Littlefield, 1977.  

Colley, Linda. “Going Native, Telling Tales: Captivity, Collaborations and Empire,” Past and Present, vol. 12  (1999-2000).

Galvin R., Peter Patterns of Pillage: A Geography of Caribbean-based Piracy in Spanish America,   1536-1718 (New York, Peter Lang, 1999)

 Gosse, Philip.  The History of Piracy, by Philip Gosse.  New York: Tudor Publishing Company, 1934.

  Karraker, Cyrus Harreld.  Piracy was a Business.  Rindge, New Hampshire: R.R. Smith, 1953. 

 Lane E., Kris Pillaging the Empire: Piracy in the Americas 1500-1750 (New York, M. E. Sharpe, Inc., 1998)

 Lund, Roger D.  Critical Essays on Daniel Defoe.  New York: Prentice Hall International, c1997. 

 Thrower, Rayner.  The Pirate Picture.  Totowa, New Jersey:  Rowman and Littlefield, 1980.

Vitkus, Daniel J.  Piracy, Slavery, and Redemption.  New York: Columbia University Press, c2001

Ima ges

Portrait of Francis Drake - drake.htm

Spanish Armada Ship - explorers/drake.html

Map of Atlantic World - exhibit/aopart1.html

Map of Slave Trade - ugc/112n/syllabus.html

Map of Spanish Colonial America - maptable1.html

Painting of Dutch Piracy –




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