The Scottish Enlightenment stressed
the necessity for an organized and structured economy.
The Scottish Enlightenment exposed the idea of common sense.
Common sense was an opinionated, enlightening approach to human society,
which drew from the moral feelings of man.
It tried to outline a better way for people to treat one another and
to live a good life on earth so that they could move on to their next life in
god’s good grace. Individual character
was strengthened so that it became the foundation for all human achievement.
David Hume and
Adam Smith were two key players in the Scottish Enlightenment.
Key Aspects of the Scottish Enlightenment:
origins can be found in political, religious, and cultural transformation of
the Scottish society after The Glorious Revolution (1688-1689).
culture of the Scottish Enlightenment was shaped by the Netherlands,
England, and France.
most noticeable achievements lay in the fields of moral philosophy, history,
chemistry, medicine, and aspects of culture such as liberty and happiness.
Scots intelligentsia was interested in creating a political culture based on
a greater understanding of man, society, and history and a more defined
understanding of the true nature of liberty and commerce in the modern
world. (Delon, 1197)
Science and Philosophy of Man:
David Hume called “the science of man” was the
science that explored the roots of the cognitive skills that make man fit
for life in society and those which make him capable of becoming civilized.
importance of reason in shaping human behavior was questioned, which led to
the development of an alternative theory of human nature.
This theory emphasized the importance of speech and language in
shaping the process of social interaction and the grounds in which human
nature is created.
the Scottish Enlightenment science developed within the universities of
Edinburgh and Glasgow.
science of the time corresponded to the interests of philosophers and
historians investigating the science of man.
foundation of the chemical revolution in Britain, the discovery of latent
heat, the technological importance for the textile industry, and the study
of geological organizations were all made possible by Scottish scientific
Scottish literature during the 18th century shared
similar themes with the developing philosophical ideas.
Poets tried to revive Scots as a literary language by restoring
local interest in the Scots literary tradition by combining its different
Art and Architecture:
market for the visual arts and architecture was created by the expansion of
trade and culture.
was the main influence.
attempted to represent characters accurately and naturalistically.
Adam, the most prominent Scottish Enlightenment architect, was influenced by
the hope that through effectively using urban and domestic space the taste of the
aristocrats would improve. (Delon, 1196-1200)